UNISDR data states, in the study of the population, or the number of people in areas that might lose their lives due to disasters, Indonesia disaster risk is very high.
Sutopo explained, for the potential tsunami disaster, Indonesia was ranked first in 265 countries in the world, surveyed by the UN agency. The risk of a tsunami threat in Indonesia is even higher compared to Japan. UNISDR calculation, said Sutopo, there were 5,402,239 people potentially affected.
Disaster Management System
Indonesia realizes that disaster issues must be dealt with seriously since the earthquake occurred and followed by a tsunami that hit Aceh and its surroundings in 2004. Disaster is a very comprehensive and multi-dimensional discussion. Responding to disasters whose frequency continues to increase every year, thoughts on disaster management must be understood and implemented by all parties. Disaster is the business of all parties. Periodically, Indonesia build a national system for disaster management. This national system includes several aspects including:Legislation
In terms of legislation, the Government of Indonesia has ratified Law Number 24 of 2007 concerning Disaster Management. The legal products below it includes Government Regulations, Presidential Regulations, Head of Agency Regulations, and regional regulations. (More details see Legal Products).
Institution can be viewed from the formal and non-formal side. Formally, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is a focal point for government institutions at the central level. Meanwhile, the disaster management focal point at the provincial and regency/city level is the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD). On the non-formal side, forums at both national and local levels were formed to strengthen the implementation of disaster management in Indonesia. At the national level, a National Platform (Planas) is formed with elements of civil society, the private sector, universities, media and international institutions. At the local level, there is the Yogyakarta DRR Forum and the East Nusa Tenggara DRR Forum.
Dari sisi non formal, forum-forum baik di tingkat nasional dan lokal dibentuk untuk memperkuat penyelenggaran penanggulangan bencana di Indonesia. Di tingkat nasional, terbentuk Platform Nasional (Planas) yang terdiri unsur masyarakat sipil, dunia usaha, perguruan tinggi, media dan lembaga internasional. Pada tingkat lokal, kita mengenal Forum PRB Yogyakarta dan Forum PRB Nusa Tenggara Timur.
At present, disaster is not only a local or national issue, but involves the international community. The international community supports the Indonesian Government in building better disaster management. On the other hand, the concern and seriousness of the Indonesian Government on disaster issues is very high with significant budgeting, especially for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in development.
The following are some of the funding related to disaster management in Indonesia:
- DIPA Fund (APBN / APBD)
- Contingency Fund
- On-call Fund
- Grant Patterned Social Assistance Fund
- Funds sourced from the community
- International community support fund